How to Send and Receive HBAR Using Smart Contracts – Part 1: Using the SDK
Jul 20, 2022
by Ed Marquez
Developer Relations Engineer

Smart contracts on Hedera can hold and exchange value in the form of HBAR, Hedera Token Service (HTS) tokens, and even ERC tokens. This is fundamental for building decentralized applications that rely on contracts in areas like DeFi, ESG, NFT marketplaces, DAOs, and more.

In this tutorial, you will learn how to send and receive HBAR to and from Hedera contracts. At a high level, there are two ways to transfer HBAR to and from a contract on Hedera: the SDKs and Solidity. 

Part 1 focuses on using the Hedera SDKs. Read Part 2 for transferring HBAR to and from contracts using Solidity.

Try It Yourself

Transfer HBAR Using the SDKs

Here are a few key points about transferring HBAR to and from contracts using the SDKs:

  • For most, this is the simplest method as it only involves doing a TransferTransaction()
  • Transferring HBAR to a contract:
    • Does not require having:
      • payable contracts or functions
      • receive() or fallback() functions
    • Keep in mind that if your contract has a fallback() function, this approach does not invoke it (so that code won’t execute)
  • Transferring HBAR from a contract:


This example has three entities: the operator, Alice, and the contract. Your testnet credentials should be used for the operator variables, which are used to initialize the Hedera client that submits transactions to the network and gets confirmations. Create Alice’s account with an initial balance of 100 HBAR, and then Alice will transfer 10 HBAR to the smart contract using the TransferTransaction() module in the SDK.

Below is the Solidity code for the contract. You can get the bytecode from Codesandbox, the GitHub repository, or by compiling the code.

Code Snippet Background
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-3.0
pragma solidity >=0.7.0 <0.9.0;
 contract hbar2Contract{

    function getBalance() public view returns (uint) {
        return address(this).balance;

1. Create Accounts

Generate a private key for Alice. Hedera supports ED25519 and ECDSA keys.

Code Snippet Background
const aliceKey = PrivateKey.generateED25519();

Create Alice’s account with a balance of 100 HBAR. The function accountCreatorFcn simplifies the account creation process and is reusable in case you need to create more accounts in the future. This function uses the AccountCreateTransaction() module. We’ll use this modular approach throughout the article.

Code Snippet Background
// Create additional accounts needed
const initialBalance = 100;
const [accStatus, aliceId] = await accountCreatorFcn(aliceKey, initialBalance);
	`\n- Created Alice's account with initial balance of ${initialBalance} hbar: ${accStatus}`
Code Snippet Background
async function accountCreatorFcn(pvKey, iBal) {
	const response = await new AccountCreateTransaction()
		.setInitialBalance(new Hbar(iBal))
	const receipt = await response.getReceipt(client);
	return [receipt.status, receipt.accountId];

Console Output:

- Created Alice's account with initial balance of 100 hbar: SUCCESS

2. Deploy the Contract on Hedera

The compiled contract bytecode is a binary contained in the variable contractBytecode. The function contractCreatorFcn uses the ContractCreateFlow() module and returns the contract ID and corresponding Solidity address for the contract.

Code Snippet Background
// Import the compiled contract bytecode
const contractBytecode = fs.readFileSync("transferHbar2Contract_sdk_sol_hbar2Contract.bin");

// Deploy the contract on Hedera
const [contractId, contractAddress] = await contractCreatorFcn(contractBytecode);
console.log(`\n- The smart contract ID is: ${contractId}`);
console.log(`- The smart contract ID in Solidity format is: ${contractAddress}`);

ContractCreateFlow() stores the bytecode and deploys the contract on Hedera. This single call handles for you the operations FileCreateTransaction(), FileAppendTransaction(), and ContractCreateTransaction().

Set a gas value that is enough to execute the transaction; otherwise, you'll get the error CONTRACT_REVERT_EXECUTED.

Code Snippet Background
async function contractCreatorFcn(contractBytecode) {
	const contractDeployTx = await new ContractCreateFlow()
	const contractDeployRx = await contractDeployTx.getReceipt(client);
	const contractId = contractDeployRx.contractId;
	const contractAddress = contractId.toSolidityAddress();
	return [contractId, contractAddress];

Console Output:

- The smart contract ID is: 0.0.47716894

- The smart contract ID in Solidity format is: 0000000000000000000000000000000002d81a1e

3. Transfer HBAR to the Contract

Transfer 10 HBAR to the contract from Alice’s account using the function hbarTransferFcn.

Code Snippet Background
// Transfer HBAR to smart contract using TransferTransaction()
const hbarAmount = 10;
const transferRx = await hbarTransferFcn(aliceId, contractId, hbarAmount);
console.log(`\n- Transfer ${hbarAmount} HBAR from Alice to contract: ${transferRx.status}`);

Use the TransferTransaction() module to transfer the HBAR. Remember that the account for which the balance is deducted must sign the transfer transaction (Alice in this case).

Code Snippet Background
async function hbarTransferFcn(sender, receiver, amount) {
	const transferTx = new TransferTransaction()
		.addHbarTransfer(sender, -amount)
		.addHbarTransfer(receiver, amount)
	const transferSign = await transferTx.sign(aliceKey);
	const transferSubmit = await transferSign.execute(client);
	const transferRx = await transferSubmit.getReceipt(client);
	return transferRx;

Console Output:

- Transfer 10 HBAR from Alice to contract: SUCCESS

4. Check the Balance of the Contract

Finally, use the function contractBalanceCheckerFcn to check the HBAR balance of the contract. This function checks the balance in two ways: 1) calling the getBalance function in the contract via a ContractCallQuery(), and 2) using the ContractInfoQuery() module of the SDK.

Code Snippet Background
// Query the contract balance
const [fromCallQuery, fromInfoQuery] = await contractBalanceCheckerFcn(contractId);
console.log(`\n- Contract balance (from getBalance fcn): ${fromCallQuery} tinybars`);
console.log(`- Contract balance (from ContractInfoQuery): ${fromInfoQuery.balance.toString()}`);
Code Snippet Background
async function contractBalanceCheckerFcn(contractId) {
	const contractQueryTx = new ContractCallQuery()
	const contractQuerySubmit = await contractQueryTx.execute(client);
	const contractQueryResult = contractQuerySubmit.getUint256(0);

	const cCheck = await new ContractInfoQuery().setContractId(contractId).execute(client);
	return [contractQueryResult, cCheck];

Console Output:

- Contract balance (from getBalance fcn): 1000000000 tinybars

- Contract balance (from ContractInfoQuery): 10 ℏ


Now you know how to send HBAR to a contract on Hedera using the TransferTransaction() module of the SDK.

You can also send HBAR from a contract using the SDK. However, the contract sending the HBAR must have an admin key to sign the TransferTransaction().

For contracts without admin keys, be sure to read Part 2. There you’ll learn how to transfer HBAR to/from contracts using Solidity.

Continue Learning